The Differences in the Demographics

The Pew Research Center compiled this data to show the similarities in demographic categories to argue that Americans are largely on the same page. It argues effectively and makes a good put, but that is boring. This article will examine likely differences in opinion and the likely psychological phenomena occurring as represented by these statistics.

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The first infographic which explores the impression people have about communities reacting properly to COVID-19 has some revealing information. It begins with family members and ends with the nation or communities outside of participants’ area. Most people said their families were acting about right at 86%, tied with the local school system. This is likely to several factors, one being the halo and horn effects. The halo effect is when people perceive others as good based on traits or features that make a person look better than what they might be (Rogers and Neugarrd, 2020). Oxford dictionary also provides a definition that appears like the logical fallacy of expertise being transferred from one subject to another. As Oxford puts it: “ a tendency for an impression created in one area to influence opinion in another area.” The horn effect is the opposite; people look at others and judge them to be bad characters based on unrelated factors.

People think their families are reacting about right to the coronavirus more than any other group, and they think the nation is not reacting appropriately. But those “other” people are part of or entire other families. Participants of the poll are very likely to respond to this question about the same every time because they trust the people who raised and cared for them to know how to respond to danger. Whereas “ordinary people” in the community and across the country are less likely to be trusted because might have very different views and had little to no role in raising respondents to Pew’s poll. There is also the idea of “these Republicans/Democrats out there” that likely shapes opinion.

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This divide between trust between others is accentuated by some drastic opinion differences. Although both Republicans and Democrats agree that international travel restrictions have been necessary, the results start to divide sharply when it concerns business and education. The biggest gap is found in the balance between the economy and public health, as 61% of Republicans disagree with closure of businesses compared to 81% of Democrats.

Sophomore biology major Sawyer Black observed, “People who lean Democrat feel more inclined to shut things down. And Trump telling people to inhale hand sanitizer and the media literally harping on about it for weeks probably explains the trust of the president being so low.”

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There also seem to be some things at work in a similar graphic. People responded that public health authorities were the most trustworthy and reliable, with state and local governments following and the media and the president the least reliable for delivering us from the coronavirus. This may be partially attributed to the logical appeal to authority, which assumes that authorities know what is best. This largely true, but authorities are not always right, especially in medicine where there are countless variables and unknowns. This is even more so with a novel coronavirus because no one had ever studied this strain of pathogen.

What is interesting is there many people who do not think the experts are handling this the best. Pennsylvania had to revise their case count by 200 (Simon, 2020). The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has also had to lower their estimates dramatically (Meek and Bruggeman, 2020). Despite these revisions and potential errors, people have a much higher degree of trust of them than media and the president. What is concerning is that when the two graphics of trust of community are compared, people trust their local communities less than state and local governments.

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Many people do not seem to trust people that much in their community, but what is worse is how some demographics might be risks due to overconfidence. Others may feel less supported because they are more afraid than other demographic groups. More men than women are afraid of coronavirus, which according to some findings it looks like they might want to readjust their understandings. Some findings are concluding men are much more at risk at coronavirus wreaking havoc on their body more than compared to women (Greenfieldboyce, 2020). Anyone can also be a carrier, which may not be a concern.

Black, the biology sophomore concluded that the racial breakdown by white, black and Hispanic makes sense, as black and Hispanics are more likely to be afraid of the virus due to healthcare costs or security. A student from Valley Forge, Dawson Hilner who studies business administration, thought the findings on the level of education to be interesting. Concerns largely increase by every level of education, concern steadily growing by level of college education.

There are many interesting demographic findings in these graphic worse of study, and should be dissected in further research of similar and dissimilar means in the future.

Greenfieldboyce, Nell. “The New Coronavirus Appears To Take A Greater Toll On Men Than On Women.” NPR, NPR, 10 Apr. 2020, http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/04/10/831883664/the-new-coronavirus-appears-to-take-a-greater-toll-on-men-than-on-women.

Meek, James Gorden. “CDC Director Downplays Coronavirus Models, Says Death Toll Will Be ‘Much Lower’ than Projected.” ABC News, ABC News Network, 5 Apr. 2020, abcnews.go.com/Health/cdc-director-downplays-coronavirus-models-death-toll-lower/story?id=70011918.

Neugaard, Britta. “Halo Effect.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 9 Oct. 2019, http://www.britannica.com/science/halo-effect.

Simon, Sara. “Pa. Removes More than 200 Deaths from Official Coronavirus Count as Questions Mount about Reporting Process, Data Accuracy.” Https://Www.inquirer.com, Staff, 24 Apr. 2020, http://www.inquirer.com/health/coronavirus/spl/pennsylvania-death-count-changes-confusion-coroanvirus-20200423.html.

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